Islamic Mythology: Angels in Islamic Mythology

Introduction to Angels in Islamic Mythology

Angels play a significant role in Islamic mythology, serving as intermediaries between the divine and human realms. They are believed to be created from light and possess immense power and purity. Unlike humans who have free will, angels are considered to be obedient beings who carry out the commands of Allah. Their existence is a fundamental aspect of Islamic belief, and they are mentioned extensively in the Quran, the holy book of Islam.

Muslims believe that angels are invisible beings who are present in every aspect of life. They are not restricted to a specific realm but can traverse between the spiritual and material worlds. Angels are thought to exist in vast numbers, with each angel having its own responsibilities and tasks. They are considered to be infallible and incapable of sin or error. The belief in angels is not limited to religious rituals but permeates everyday life, as Muslims seek their guidance and protection in various situations.

Beliefs and Roles of Angels in Islamic Mythology

Angels in Islamic mythology have different roles and responsibilities assigned to them by Allah. They serve as messengers, delivering revelations from Allah to prophets such as Muhammad. Gabriel, also known as Jibril, holds a prominent position among the angels as the primary messenger. It was through Gabriel that Muhammad received the Quran, which is considered the word of Allah. Angels also play a crucial role in recording human actions, with Raqib and Atid serving as the two angels who record people’s deeds, both good and bad.

Islamic mythology also highlights the belief in guardian angels. Muslims believe that every individual is assigned two angels, one on their right shoulder recording their good deeds and one on their left shoulder recording their bad deeds. These angels are known as Kiraman Katibin, meaning the noble scribes. They accompany individuals throughout their lives, recording every action, word, and even thought. This belief serves to remind Muslims of the constant presence of angels and the importance of leading a righteous life.

Prominent Angels in Islamic Mythology

In Islamic mythology, several angels hold significant roles and are mentioned by name in the Quran. Apart from Gabriel and the noble scribes, there are numerous other prominent angels. Israfil is believed to be the angel responsible for blowing the trumpet on the Day of Judgment, signaling the end of the world. Azrael, also known as the Angel of Death, is responsible for taking the souls of individuals at the time of their death. Mikail, on the other hand, is associated with the provision of sustenance and is considered the guardian of nature.

Another notable angel is Munkar, who, along with his companion Nakir, questions the deceased in their graves about their faith and deeds. These questions, known as the "Test of the Grave," are believed to determine a person’s afterlife. Additionally, the angel Harut and Marut are mentioned in Islamic mythology as angels who were sent to test the people of Babylon with their knowledge of magic.

In conclusion, angels hold a vital place in Islamic mythology. Believed to be created from light and possessing immense power, they serve as messengers, recorders of deeds, and guardians. The belief in angels is deeply rooted in Islamic faith and permeates various aspects of daily life. Prominent angels such as Gabriel, Azrael, and Israfil play crucial roles in Islamic mythology and are mentioned in the Quran. The significance of angels in Islamic mythology serves to remind Muslims of the spiritual world and the presence of divine beings in their lives.